1. Describe the problems psychology must face as a young science.
2. Identify the major theoreticaland professional perspectives in psychology and their basic assumptions.
3. Describe the characteristics of a good (reliable) theory.
4. Describe what constitutes valid and reliable observation especially with regards to operationalizing variables, experimenter bias, demand characteristics, and unobtrusive measures.
5. Describe the differences between correlational and experimental research especially with respect to issues of causality and prediction.
6. Define what a positive, negative, and zero correlation is.
7. Construct an experiment from a given hypothesis and identify the independent and dependent variables.
8. Describe the process of neural transmission.
9. Describe the structure of the human nervous system.
10. Describe research on the split brain.
11. Identify and describe the variables that produce conformity and obedience.
12. Discuss the factors that promote bystander apathy and de-individuation and how an examination of moral development helps us understand individuals’ responses to these factors.
13. Define learning.
14. Summarize the components of classical conditioning.
15. Describe stimulus generalization, higher order conditioning, discrimination, and extinction in classical conditioning.
16. Describe the application of the principles of classical conditioning to the therapeutic situation (systematic desensitization and aversive counter conditioning).
17. Summarize the components of instrumental conditioning.
18. Identify and describe positive and negative reinforcement, positive and negative punishment, the different schedules of reinforcement, discriminative stimuli, and shaping.
19. Describe the application of the principles of instrumental conditioning to the therapeutic situation (behavior modification). compare and contrast classical and instrumental conditioning.
20. Describe what Skinner means by determinism.
21. Summarize Freud's conception of the unconscious.
22. Describe the structure of personality as Freud views it (id, ego, superego), his concept of defense, and his theory of development.
23. Define Rogers' actualizing tendency.
24. Describe the development of congruence and incongruence.
25. Describe the therapeutic concepts of therapeutic neutrality, free association, interpretation, and transference.
26. Summarize the difference between a non-directive and directive therapy and explain why Rogers' approach is non-directive.
27. Describe the attitude of the client-centered therapist (congruence, empathy, and unconditional positive regard).
28. Distinguish between the various definitional and theoretical models of abnormal behavior.
29. Describe the diagnostic techniques used by psychologists.
30. Describe the symptoms and possible causes for the following disorders: phobic disorders, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, somatoform disorders, dissociative disorders, schizophrenic disorders, and mood disor
31. Describe Piaget's theory of intellectual development with special regard to the following: assimilation and accommodation, object concept in the sensorimotor stage, the symbolic function in the pre-operational stage, conservation in the concrete oper
32. Describe the difference between sensation and perception.
33. Describe the role that expectation and motivation have in perception.
34. Summarize the Gestalt principles of perception.
35. Explain the processes of depth perception and size constancy.
36. Explain the relationship between size constancy and the Muller-Lyer illusion.
37. Describe the characteristics of short and long term memory and the theories of forgetting.
38. Describe the different theories of motivation.
39. Summarize the ethical guidelines for research on human subjects.
40. Define intelligence and the history of measuring it.
41. Summarize the development of language formation.
The Psychology portfolio project.
By: Alysha Fox
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